نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، دپارتمان طراحی صنعتی، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران

10.30465/ps.2021.38790.1564

چکیده

ایده تجسّد تکنولوژیکی اوّلین مساهمت فلسفه در تبیین تکنولوژی است. این مقاله به منظور روشن ساختن چگونگی تحوّل تاریخی این ایده، در وهله اول، چارچوبی نظری پیرامون دوره‌ها، رویکردها و اجزاء این نظریه پیشنهاد می‌کند. در وهله بعد، بر پایه این چارچوب پیشنهادی، تقریرهای مختلف این ایده را در دوره معاصر بازسازی می‌کند. در آخر، از بررسی تطبیقی تقریرهایی که بر پایه چارچوب پیشنهادی بازسازی شدند، نتایج تازه‌ای در خصوص چگونگی تحوّل تاریخی این ایده اخذ می‌کند که حاکی از وجود واگرایی‌ای میان تقریرهای معاصر از نظر (1) اجزاء، (2) جهت، و (3) مبنا یا علّت رابطه انسان-مصنوع است، واگرایی‌ای که معلول تبیین متفاوتی است که پدیدارشناسی نسبت به فلسفه‌های پیشین از انسان، نه از تکنولوژی، ارائه می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Historical Evolution of 'Technological Embodiment'

نویسنده [English]

  • ahmad rahmanian

Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The theory of technological embodiment is the first contribution of philosophy to technology. In order to elucidate how the theory evolved historically, this paper first offers a theoretical framework with respect to the stages, approaches, and components of the theory. Next, different accounts of the theory are reconstructed according to the proposed theoretical framework. And finally, based on a comparative study of the accounts, the paper draws new conclusions concerning how the theory evolved historically, suggesting a divergence among contemporary accounts in terms of the (1) components, (2) direction, and (3) basis or cause of the human-artifact relation; this divergence seems to be the effect of a different interpretation on human, not on technology, offered by phenomenology when compared to that of the earlier philosophies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • History of philosophy
  • Philosophy of technology
  • Technology
  • Technological embodiment
  • Organ projection
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