عنوان مقاله [English]
At the time that whistle of trains, the ringtones of phones and the lighting of lamps leave no room for nineteenth century people to doubt modern science and its technological benefits, Nietzsche challenged it. He criticized the main foundation of modern science that the natural world corresponds with our scientific ‘rules’ or ‘laws’. He also criticized the principle of causality that is very necessary to understand the scientific world. However there are important and subtle differences between his early and middle works and his final works concerning his critics of the concepts of ‘law’ and ‘causality’. In the deeper layers of his critics, Nietzsche was attempting to discover the deep link between science and metaphysics. Therefore, he depicts the emerging of the ‘true world’ fable as weakening the entire edifice of modern science. Hence, Nietzsche considers science as a nihilistic adventure, and comparing science and theology he introduces science as the highest form of ascetic ideal and its best collaborator. It should be noted that the final purpose of Nietzsche will not to discard science and willingness to truth as its main drive, but rebuild it on pillars of new values that say yes to life.